This section contains links to a wide range of practice guidance and resources to support practitioners in their safeguarding role.
The role of an advocate
An advocate is a person who supports and helps you to explain and say what you want. They help you to ensure that your views are heard, so that your problems can be sorted out.
They can help you:
- access information and services
- be involved in decisions about your life
- explore choices and options
- defend and promote your rights and responsibilities
- speak out about issues that matter to you
Information about Advocacy from Hampshire County Council can be found here:
Care Act advocacy in Hampshire is provided by Hampshire Advocacy – a partnership of 5 community based organisations working together to provide good quality independent advocacy in Hampshire.
- Choices Advocacy
- Havant and East Hants Mind
- Solent Mind
- Speakeasy Advocacy
- Winchester Gold
Commissioning for Better Outcomes
This guidance outlines standards to support a dynamic process of continuous improvement and, through self-assessment and peer review, to challenge commissioners and their partners, to strengthen and innovate to achieve improved outcomes for adults using social care, their carers, families and communities. The standards are relevant to all aspects of commissioning and service redesign, including decommissioning. The standards have been designed to reflect the improvements that experience has shown are needed, to support the transformation of social care to meet people’s reasonable aspirations, and to support the implementation of the Care Act 2014.
Achieving a better quality of life for older people with high support needs
SCIE and the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) has identified seven key challenges that need to be met for older people with high support needs, so that they can achieve a better quality of life. A new At a Glance briefing, published by SCIE, summarises each of the seven challenges set out by JRF, along with relevant SCIE resources related to meeting the challenges.
Safeguarding in Commissioned Services
This guidance is designed to provide a clear framework with which to respond to safeguarding concerns occurring in regulates NHS and social care settings.
Coercive Control Tools and Resources
Guidance has been developed relating to safeguarding people who are victims of controlling and coercive behaviour. The Department of Health has funded a set of tools to help practitioners respond to the issue, which experts say underpins domestic abuse and can be a heightened risk among people with care and support needs. The Serious Crime Act 2015 introduced a criminal offence of “controlling or coercive behaviour in an intimate or family relationship”.
Hampshire Domestic Abuse Strategy
This strategy covers the Hampshire local authority area and takes a holistic approach to the types of abuse, control and coercive behaviour that can have a serious effect on victims and survivors. Domestic abuse is a complex issue which can be experienced by women and men in heterosexual and same sex marriages and relationships.
This strategy is inclusive of all victims and perpetrators of violence, abuse and controlling behaviour, but acknowledges that the prevalence of physical assaults from a partner or adult family member is higher among females than among males. Irrespective of gender or sexual orientation women experience more repeated physical violence, more severe violence, much more sexual violence, more coercive control, more injuries and more fear of their partner1. This strategy will also encompass the needs of children and young people and vulnerable adults who are affected by domestic abuse.
Help available for people who are victims of domestic violence and abuse
The Department for Work and Pensions has a range of measures designed to support people who flee violent and abusive households.
Domestic Abuse Referral Pathway
As part of the 16 days of action, the Hampshire Domestic Abuse Partnership has revised and republished the ‘Hampshire Domestic Abuse Referral Pathway’ document to be used by professionals when they are working with anyone who has experienced domestic abuse. We have a duty not to turn a blind eye to abuse and should always take action. This pathway aims to help all professionals (especially those who don’t have an in depth knowledge of domestic abuse) to take some form of action to help victims of abuse, whether male or female, and to help them get the support they need. The document includes specialist service contact details.
It has been designed specifically so that you can print it out as one double sided sheet and easily refer to it.
HRDA: High Risk Domestic Abuse
HRDA is a daily meeting of professionals from a variety of agencies, including police, social workers, domestic abuse services, health and housing. You have been identified as being potentially at high risk of harm and will be/were discussed at one of these meetings. The aim of the meeting is/was to ensure that all agencies are aware of your situation and the risk you face so that actions can be taken immediately to try to keep you safe. Professionals will share/shared information relating to risk from any known history of the domestic abuse, the perpetrators offending, their records and current police reports on a confidential basis. This information, along with what you may have asked your specialist domestic abuse worker to share, is used to assess your risk, who that risk is from and to, and which professionals are best placed to help you stay safe.
High Risk Domestic Abuse (HRDA) meetings
Colleagues in the Hampshire Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) are working closely with partner agencies to introduce daily High Risk Domestic Abuse (HRDA) meetings.
These are multi agency meetings that will consider high risk domestic abuse incidents on a daily basis.
The HRDA meeting will be chaired by police and have a core attendance of:
- Children’s Services, via MASH
- Adult Health & Care, via MASH
- A MASH Health professional and
- A specialist domestic abuse worker
The HRDA meeting will relocate work from MARAC to MASH, which will ensure that those families affected by domestic abuse will receive a faster, more co-ordinated response, with support and the required intervention being provided closer to the timing of the incident. The specialist domestic abuse worker will ensure that the voice of the victim/survivor is represented at the planning stage.
Introduction of HRDA meetings aims to reduce duplication of work for police, health, Children’s Services Department (CSD) and Adults’ Health and Care (AHC), as there will be fewer cases needing research. This, in turn will reduce the time spent on MARAC attendance. As well as securing early specialist domestic abuse involvement, the HRDA will ensure a consistent threshold is applied to high risk domestic abuse cases.
There will be a two week pilot of the HRDA daily meetings process in late September 2018. Subject to positive response and outcome from all parties, it is anticipated that the process will be rolled out shortly afterwards.
Family Group Conferences
This practice tool aims to support practitioners and managers who are already running a family group conference (FGC) service for adults, and those who are considering developing a service. It provides an overview of the current evidence base regarding FGCs with adults; the complexities of measuring the impact of FGCs on outcomes for adults and their families and practical ideas to support the evaluation of the process and outcomes of an FGC service for adults.
Female Genital Mutilation
Guidance on female genital mutilation (FGM) for all persons and bodies in England and Wales has been released on GOV.UK. It was first published in 2016 but has just been updated (October 2018). The guidance can be found here:
You must read and follow this guidance if you are under statutory duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and vulnerable adults. You should read this FGM guidance along-side other safeguarding guidance, including (but not limited to):
Hampshire Safeguarding Boards have developed new multi-agency policy and practice guidance on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). This covers mandatory reporting duties relating to girls under 18 year old and also our wider responsibilities to women over 18 years who may have been subject to FGM. In this section, you will find the current FGM multi-agency policy, reporting flowcharts for under 18’s and for adults and a risk assessment tool.
Financial Abuse and Scams
ADASS has published guidance on protecting vulnerable adults from financial abuse and scams. This includes advice on how to spot the signs of someone responding to scams, how to talk to them, and how to prevent this form of abuse. The guidance also featured a case study about a gambling scam.
Marriage My Choice Toolkit is based on independent research commissioned/funded by the National Institute for Health Research and School for Social Care Research. In recognition of the particular needs of people with learning disabilities who may be, or have been, forced into marriage, the guidance specifically addresses assessing capacity to consent to marriage and draws upon research undertaken as part of the My Marriage My Choice project led by Rachael Clawson and research team. This practice guidance is part of a suite of resources which also includes: Summary of Findings (full, short and easy read versions); Case Studies Collection (real life experiences and challenges) and an Awareness Film.
Guidance for Care Providers
This area contains a wide range of guidance and tools to support care providers in their safeguarding adults role.
A multi-agency guidance document for agencies and organisations to use with cases or suspected cases of Honour Based Violence in Hampshire, Portsmouth, Southampton and the Isle of Wight.
Housing and Safeguarding
This resource explains the role of the housing sector in adult safeguarding.
This guidance published by the Social Care Institute of Excellence covers care and support for adults with learning disabilities as they grow older. It covers identifying changing needs, planning for the future, and delivering services including health, social care and housing. It aims to support people to access the services needed as they get older.
Legal Powers and Remedies
Access to adults suspected to be at risk or abuse or neglect
This guide clarifies existing powers and legal options relating to access to adults suspected to be at risk of abuse or neglect where access is restricted or denied. It is intended as a source of ready reference rather than as a learning tool, laying out the potential routes to resolution. It is important that social workers and their managers are as clear as possible on which legal powers or options apply to which situations, and in cases of any uncertainty that they consult their senior managers and/or the legal department of the Local Authority. Throughout the guide there are inks to information on the relevant legislation and case law.
Hampshire Joint Working Protocol 2017
Most parents and carers have the capability and want to provide good or good enough parenting for their children, most of the time. Sometimes, the parent will have such overwhelming needs of their own that they may not have the capacity to be such a capable parent. This protocol supports early intervention work that can make a real positive difference to the outcomes for children and their families.
This multi-agency protocol has been written for every person, staff or volunteer, (hereafter called practitioners) working with people whose complex problems might impact on their ability to care for children and for practitioners working with children whose parents or carers have those complex problems.
Making Safeguarding Personal
Making Safeguarding Personal Guide
This guide is intended to support councils and their partners to develop outcomes-focused, person-centred safeguarding practice. It was originally drafted to support the 53 councils who signed up to Making Safeguarding Personal (MSP) in 2013/14. It has been updated based on their experience. It gives some guidance about how to embark upon and take forward Making Safeguarding Personal in your council if your local area is interested in the approach.
Making Safeguarding Personal Toolkit
The toolkit is set out in a modular format with a summary of key areas. These areas range from models, theories and approaches to skills and areas of specialism that safeguarding practitioners need to be aware of. It can be used as a practitioner guide for pointers on how to respond to individual cases, or as a starting point resource for service development. It has been designed as a resource that will develop over time and allow updates and amendments to be made as development takes place or innovative and effective practice comes to light.
Mental Capacity Act 2005
The legal framework provided by the Mental Capacity Act 2005 is supported by this Code of Practice (the Code), which provides guidance and information about how the Act works in practice. The Code has statutory force, which means that certain categories of people have a legal duty to have regard to it when working with or caring for adults who may lack capacity to make decisions for themselves.
Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (Cheshire West Ruling)
The Supreme Court has published a Ruling regarding the cases of P v Cheshire West and Chester Council and P&Q v Surrey County Council which overturns previous judgements that had defined deprivation of liberty more restrictively. The Court has now ruled that all people who lack the capacity to make decisions about their care and residence and, under the responsibility of the state, are subject to continuous supervision and control and lack the option to leave their care setting are deprived of their liberty. The person’s compliance or lack of objection to their placement, the purpose of it or the extent to which it enables them to live a relatively normal life for someone with their level of disability are all irrelevant to whether they were deprived of their liberty, ruled the court. This means that many people are likely to have been deprived of their liberty unlawfully and without safeguards in settings including care homes and supported living placements. Proper application of the judgement is likely to see a significant increase in DOLS applications regarding care home placements, and also applications to the Court of Protection to authorise deprivations of liberty in supported living.
The Government has issued new guidance on Modern Slavery. The guidance can be found here:
HSAB Guidance on Modern Slavery
Local Authority guidance on Modern Slavery
The purpose of this guide is to increase awareness of modern slavery and provide clarity for councils their role in tackling it. Whilst it has been produced specifically for Local Authorities, the guidance will also be helpful for a wider range of partners. It should be read in conjunction with other resources designed to help stop slavery.
Modern Slavery Protocol for Local Authorities
Please find links to the newly published Modern Slavery Protocol for Local Authorities. These resources have been produced to help improve the Local Authority’s response to human trafficking and modern slavery, in particular the identification and support offered to adult survivors. The guidance provides non-prescriptive steps to follow when a potential victim of human trafficking or modern slavery is identified. It should be adapted to each local authority’s internal structures.
This guidance assists practitioners and managers across health and care organisations to provide caring, speedy and appropriate responses to individuals at risk of developing pressure ulcers. The guidance promotes a proactive preventative approach to reduce harm to individuals and secure efficiencies to the wider health and social care system.
Where pressure ulcers do occur, this guidance offers a clear process for the clinical management of the removal and reduction of harm to the individual, whilst considering if an adult safeguarding response under section 42 of the Care Act 2014 is necessary. The guidance demonstrates that the focus on removing harm to the individual will usually be secured by speedy clinical intervention.
The guidance highlights that broader issues of overall quality of care, management of a service, and training of staff will be of significant interest to commissioners, and the regulator the Care Quality Commission, as well as Safeguarding Adult Boards and Quality Surveillance Groups. There should be clear processes in every locality for communicating concerns to the relevant bodies.
This guidance has been adopted by the 4LSABs across the SHIP area and has been incorporated into the local multi-agency adult safeguarding policy and guidance.
Self Neglect and Persistent Welfare Concerns
This guidance aims to support practitioners, adult and their carers/family members, to identify when to raise concerns regarding poor self-care, or lack of care for living conditions. The 4LSAB Multi-Agency Risk Management Framework provides an effective tool for responding to cases of self-neglect and persistent welfare concerns.
The guidance provides advice and information to support multi-agency working with adults who are experiencing or at risk of experiencing Adult Sexual Exploitation (ASE). It has been signed off by the key statutory agencies involved in its development. It is intended to support good practice across all agencies within Hampshire. This guidance should where appropriate also be read in conjunction with the Hampshire Safeguarding Adults Board (HSAB) Safeguarding Adults Procedure and Policy.
Please find below links to information supplied from the Home Office regarding a number of recently published sector based resources for frontline staff on serious and organised crime. The guidance is aimed at supporting policing and other statutory frontline staff – particularly those who work with children, young people and vulnerable adults – in identifying potential victims of this type of criminal exploitation. It sets out the signs to look for in potential victims, and what action staff should take so that potential victims get the support and help they need. The document supplements an organisation’s existing safeguarding policies.
This is the guidance:
Alongside the guidance, there are also resources for frontline professionals to help policing and statutory staff recognise the signs to look out for, that could indicate that someone is a victim of county lines gangs:
The Home Office is also raising awareness of county lines across a range of non-statutory sectors. Here are the resources for staff working in the following sectors:
- Private security staff: Private Security Industry
- Licensed taxi and private hire company staff: Taxi and private vehicle hire
- Bus and coach company staff: Bus and coach company
- Train operating company staff: Train and rail operators
- Private landlords and letting agents: Letting agents and landlords
Materials for the social housing sector are currently being developed and will be available shortly.
Finally, there are also some social media resources: Social media resources.
Quick reference guides
This explains what providers can expect if they are involved in the safeguarding process.
Principles underpinning the safeguarding process
The safeguarding process outlined in this document is underpinned by a number of important principles which should inform the day to day safeguarding practice of partner organisations and their practitioners.
Signs and Indicators of Abuse
This document outlines a range of possible signs or indicators of abuse staff need be aware of.